Knee pain

Knee pain is very common and there are many causes which need to be examined . A full examination is important to ensure that correct diagnosis of your injury is made and appropriate treatment utilised to correct the problem.


Arthritis is a common cause of knee pain, treatment options are available including the use of exercise to moderate pain.

Ligament Injuries

Ligament injuries are common in most sports, especially those that involve twisting movements and sudden changes of direction. They can cause considerable disability and time lost from sport.

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (AL) Injury
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) injury
  • Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) injury
  • Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) injury

Cartilage/meniscal injuries

The most common mechanism of meniscal injury is a twisting injury with the foot planted on the ground. Small tears typically cause no immediate symptoms, although pain and limited range of movement are common in more serious injuries. Meniscal injuries are seen in athletes of all ages and abilities.

Patellofemoral syndrome

Patellofemoral syndrome describes pain around the patella. One possible cause is maltracking of the patella, causing abnormal wear on the under surface of the patella. Treatment includes correction of the malalignment using exercise therapy and soft tissue mobilisation and stretching.

Patellar Tendinopathy (Jumpers Knee)

Presents as pain in the anterior knee, aggravated by jumping, hopping or bounding. Pain usually has a gradual onset.

Osgood-Schlatter disease

This is a condition common in girls 10-12 years old and boys 13-15 years old (ages can vary). Pain is usually localised to the tibial tuberosity (the bony area below the knee cap) and is due to irritation to the growth plate located there. Onset of pain is normally associated with high levels of activity during periods of rapid growth.


There are a number of bursa around the knee joint. The most commonly affected bursa is the pre-patellar bursa which when inflamed presents as a swelling in the front of the knee (also known as housemaids knee). This condition is common in people who kneel a lot. eg. carpet fitters or gardeners.

Baker’s cyst

A Baker’s cyst is a swelling in the back of the knee that can be very tender. It typically indicates the presence of another underlying condition/injury such as medial meniscal injury or osteoarthritis.

All sports injuries are treated at one of our local clinics. Treatment can include sports massage, soft tissue mobilisations, knee joint mobilisation techniques, ultrasound and exercise therpy.