Ultrasound is an electrotherapy that creates a mechanical energy through high frequency sound waves that is transmitted through the soft tissue to increase localised tissue temperature and cell permeability. The aim of ultrasound is to enhance the healing process through increased extensibility in tendons, ligaments and joint capsules, decreased joint stiffness, reduction in pain, reduction in muscle spasm, and a production of a mild inflammatory reaction including an increase in blood flow.
Transcutaneous Electrical Neuromuscular Stimulation (TENS) is a therapy that is widely available for the management of chronic pain. It aims to block the normal pain signals that transmit to the spinal cord through increased stimulation of other peripheral sensory nerves. We are able to loan this equipment as part of an overall treatment plan and provide appropriate guidance on its use.
Electromyography (EMG) is used to both assess muscle function and to work as an aid to rehabilitation. It detects the electrical impulses that occur when muscle contracts and if muscle is weak or dysfunctional it will act as a measure of the deficit that exists. We can then use EMG as a visual aid to rehabilitation.